From slavery to police abuse, a new museum chronicles racism in the United States.

Slavery, lynchings, segregation, mass incarceration, and police abuse: a museum opening Friday in Alabama traces a direct link between the country’s racist past and today’s inequalities.

The Legacy Museum in Montgomery, Alabama’s state capital, is housed in a building where African captives were once held before being sold as slaves.

“It’s a museum about the history of America, with a focus on the legacy of slavery,” Bryan Stevenson, the head of Alabama’s Equal Justice Initiative, told AFP.

 

“I can’t think of another institution in America that has more profoundly shaped our economy, our politics, our social structures. And our character.”

“Our understanding of slavery is very very incomplete,” he said.

"Our understanding of slavery is very very incomplete," says a civil rights activist in Alabama
“Our understanding of slavery is very very incomplete,” says a civil rights activist in AlabamaHandout Equal Justice Initiative/AFP

It is this information void that the Legacy Museum aims to fill, while prompting Americans to campaign against the inequality that persists today, according to Stevenson.

“The only way we can make progress in this country is if we engage both our minds and our hearts in a serious commitment to truth and justice to eliminating racial injustice,” he said.

The museum, inspired by memorials to the Holocaust in Berlin or to apartheid in Johannesburg, offers an immersive experience: upon arrival, visitors board a ship crossing the Atlantic, witnessing the suffering of future slaves.

Another space is dedicated to the violence experienced by slaves, including sexual violence.

One wing is dedicated to the thousands of victims of lynchings of Black Americans, which occurred between 1877 and 1950. The National Lynching Memorial, located next to the museum, is devoted to the same topic.

The museum also conveys the “humiliation of segregation” in the South after World War II, Stevenson said.

Victims of legal injustice tells their stories at the Legacy Museum
Victims of legal injustice tells their stories at the Legacy MuseumHandout Equal Justice Initiative/AFP

Stevenson’s organization provides legal assistance and advocacy for people wrongly convicted of crimes, a widespread problem for African Americans.

The group has succeeded in acquitting several people who had been condemned to death. In the museum, visitors can listen to them tell their stories.

The museum is part of a national reckoning on race and racism in America, which has grown more intense since the murder of African American George Floyd by a white police officer in May 2020.

Stevenson lamented that the efforts are meeting resistance on the part of conservatives. Still, he was optimistic.

“The good news is that we have the capacity to get past that fear, to get past that preference for silence,” Stevenson said. “I believe we will make that choice.”

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